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About Mukesh

Male singer Mukesh from India, famous due to bollywood

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Mukesh Actor Pictures Interview Biography

Mukesh Chand Mathur (Hindi: मुकेश) (22 July 1923 27 August 1976) was an Indian playback singer of Bollywood. Along with Mohammed Rafi and Kishore Kumar, he was one of the three leading male Bollywood playback singers from the 1950s to the 1970s.

Personal life and education

Mukesh was born in Punjab, in a small middle class family. Mukesh was the sixth in a family of ten children. His father Lala Zorawar Chand Mathur was an engineer. His mother was Chand Rani. The music teacher who came home to teach Mukesh's sister Sundar Pyari, found a pupil in Mukesh who would listen from the adjoining room. He had a younger brother Parmeshwari Das. Mukesh left school after the 10th standard and worked briefly for the Delhi Department of Public Works. Mukesh experimented with voice recordings during his employment in Delhi and gradually developed his singing abilities.

Mukesh got married in 1946 to Sarla Trivedi (1928 26 February 2008) in a temple in Kandiwali, at the residence of Mr. R. D. Mathur. Sarla was the daughter of a Gujarati Brahmin millionaire. With him having no proper house, an erratic income and a supposedly "immoral" profession, Mukesh and Sarla had to elope. Everyone made dire predictions of unhappy days and divorce; but both weathered the lean days and celebrated their thirtieth wedding anniversary on 22 July 1976, five days before his departure for the U.S.A. on 27 July 1976. The couple had five children as Rita, Nitin, Nalini(d. 1978), Mohnish (Taboo - nick name) and Namrata (Amrita).He is the grandfather of Neil Nitin Mukesh.


Singing career

Mukesh's voice was noticed by Motilal (a popular actor in Hindi films, also a distant relative of Mukesh) when he sang at his sister's wedding. Motilal took him to Bombay, let him stay with him and even arranged for singing lessons for him. During this period, Mukesh managed to bag a role in a Hindi film, Nirdosh (Innocent) (1941). His first song was dil hi bujha hua ho to as an actor singer for Nirdosh. He got his break as a playback singer in 1945 with the film Pehli Nazar (First Look). The first song he sang for a Hindi film was Dil Jalta Hai to Jalne De (If the heart burns, let it burn), which was incidentally picturised on Motilal.

Mukesh was such a big fan of K. L. Saigal that in his early years of playback singing he used to imitate his idol. In fact, it is said that when K. L. Saigal first heard the song Dil Jalta Hai to Jalne De, he said "That's strange, I don't recall singing that song".

He is best known for the songs he sang as a playback singer for Raj Kapoor, a legendary actor/director of Bollywood in the 1950s and 1960s.

In 1974, Mukesh received National Film Award for Best Male Playback Singer for the song Kain baar yoon bhi dekhaa hai from Rajnigandha (1974), and Filmfare Awards for the songs Sab Kuch Seekha in the movie Anari (1959), Ganga Ram Ki Samajh in Pehchaan (1970), Jai Bolo in Be Imaan (1972) and the title song of Kabhie Kabhie (1976).


Death

Mukesh died of a heart attack on 27 August 1976 in Detroit, Michigan, USA, where he had gone for a concert. His body was carried back to India by Lata Mangeshkar, where a grand funeral ceremony took place as many famous actors, personalities of the Indian film industry, and fans paid tribute to the late singer. When the news of his death reached Raj Kapoor, he remarked, "I have lost my voice," which is a testimony to the timeless and unforgettable association of Mukesh's voice (in playback) to the immensely popular songs of Raj Kapoor's films.

After Mukesh's death, his newer unreleased songs released in 1977 with films like Dharam Veer, Amar Akbar Anthony, Khel Khiladi Ka, Darinda, and Chandi Sona. The year 1978 also featured a good number of Mukesh songs, films like Aahuti, Paramatma, Tumhari Kasam, and Satyam Shivam Sundaram, where Mukesh sang his last film song "Chanchal Sheetal Nirmal Komal." From 1980 onward, Mukesh's voice was heard in many late released films like Shaitan Mujarim, Premika, Patthar Se Takkar (1980), Sanjh Ki Bela, Maila Anchal (1981), Aarohi (1982), Chor Mandali (1983), Nirlaj (1985), Love and God (1986), Shubh Chintak (1989), and his last known release of Chand Grahan (1997).


Chronicle

1940 - 1st Recording With H.M.V. Delhi

1946 - Wedding With Saral Mukesh (22 July)

1948 - Born 1st Daughter Reeta (24 April)

1950 - Born 1st Son Nitin (27 June)

1953 - Born 2nd Daughter Nalini (25 June)

1959 - 1st Filmfare Award for film " Anari "

1961 - Born 2nd Son Mohnish (4 November)

1962 - Concerts, London - England ( An Interview At BBC )

1966 - Born 3rd Daughter Namrata (24 April)

1967 - Mukesh-Shankar Jaikishan Concert, Nickerie, Surinam

1970 - Concert, Delhi

1970 - 2nd Filmfare Award for film " Pehchaan"

1972 - Concert, Africa

1972 - Concert, Londan

1972 - Interview, BBC.

1972 - 3rd Filmfare Award for film " Be-Iman "

1973 - Concert, Mauritius

1974 - National Award for film " Rajni Gandha "

1974 - Concert At Kalamandir Auditorium, Calcutta (19 July)

1975 - Concert At Kalamandir Auditorium, Calcutta (23 October)

1976 - U. S. A. - Canada Tour With Lata Mangeshkar & Nitin Mukesh

1976 - 27 August, Death Detroit

1976 - 4th Filmfare Award for film " Kabhi Kabhee " ( After Death )


Awards

Winner

National Film Awards

1974 - National Film Award for Best Male Playback Singer for Kain baar yoon bhi dekhaa hai song in the film Rajnigandha

Filmfare Awards

Winner

1959 - Filmfare Best Male Playback Award for Subkuchh seekha humne song in the film Anari
1970 - Filmfare Best Male Playback Award for Sabse bada naadan song in the film Pehchan
1972 - Filmfare Best Male Playback Award for Jai bolo beiman ki song in the film Beimaan
1976 - Filmfare Best Male Playback Award for Kabhi khabhi mere dil mein song in the film Kabhi Kabhie
Nominated

1961 - Hothon Pe Sacchai song in the film Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai
1964 - Dost Dost Na Raha song in the film Sangam
1967 - Sawan Ka Mahina song in the film Milan
1970 - Bas Yehi Apradh Main Har Baar Karta Hoon song in the film Pehchan
1972 - Ek Pyar Ka Nagma song in the film Shor
1974 - Main Na Bhoolunga song in the film Roti Kapda Aur Makaan
1976 - Main Pal Do Pal Ka Shayar song in the film Kabhie Kabhie
1976 - Ek Din Bik Jayega, Maati Ke Mol song in the film Dharam Karam
1977 - Suhani Chandni Raten song in the film Mukti
1978 - Chanchal Sheetal song in the film Satyam Shivam Sundaram

Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards

Winner

1967 - Best Male Playback Singer for Teesri Kasam
1968 - Best Male Playback Singer for Milan
1970 - Best Male Playback Singer for Saraswatichandra

Filmography

Pehli Nazar (First Look) (1945)
Mela (The Fair) (1948)
Aag (Fire) (1948)
Andaz (1949)
Awaara (1951)
Shree 420 (1955)
Parvarish (Upbringing) (1958)
Anari (Fool) (1959)
Sangam (1964)
Mera Naam Joker (1970)
Dharam Karam (1975)

Memorable songs

Dil Jalta Hai To Jalne from Pehli Nazar (1945) first movie song of Mukesh, where he imitated Saigal, & he did it so well that the song became a super hit.
Tu Kahe Agar from Andaz (1949) by pawan kumar singh
Zinda Hoon Main Is Tarah from Aag (1948)
Khayalon Mein Kisi Ke (with Geeta Dutt) from Bawre Nain (1950)
Awaara Hoon from Awaara (1951)
Mera Joota Hai Japaani from Shree 420 (1955)
Zindagi Khwab Hai from Jaagte Raho (1956)
Suhana Safar from Madhumati (1958) music by Salil Chowdhury
Yeh Meraa Deewanaapan Hai from Yahudi (1958) music by Shankar-Jaikishan. Dilip Kumar was hesitant in having anyone other than Rafi sing for him, but when he heard this song in Mukesh's voice he was left speechless.
Kisi Ki Muskuraahaton Pe Ho Nisaar from Anari (1959)
Saranga Teri Yaad Mein from Saranga (1960) music by Sardar Malik. One of numerous Mukesh hit songs in an otherwise forgotten soundtrack/movie.
O Janewale Ho Sake To Laut Ke Aanaa from Bandini (1963)
Dost Dost Naa Rahaa from Sangam (1964)
Ram kare aisa ho jaye from Milan
Sawan Ka Mahina (with Lata Mangeshkar) from Milan (1967)
Jaane Kahaan Gaye Wo Din from Mera Naam Joker (1970)
Kahin Door Jab Din from Anand (1970) (music scored by Salil Chowdhury)
Ek Din Bik Jaayega from Dharam Karam (1975)
Main Pal Do Pal Kaa Shaayar Hoon
Kabhi Kabhie Mere Dil Me Khayaal Aataa Haifrom Kabhi Kabhie (1976)
Chanchal sheetal nirmal komal from Satyam Shivan Sundaram(1978)
Jane kaha gaye wo din from mera naam joker

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